Web Browsing

  • Always use a secure and fully open source browser. I.e. Firefox.
  • Change Firefox settings:
    In Menu > settings > privacy & security > Strict: Enhanced Tracking Protection
    • Always On: Send websites a “Do Not Track” signal that you don’t want to be tracked.
    • Turn off: Firefox Data Collection
    • set DuckDuckGo as default search engine(Menu > settings > Search)
  • Improve Firefox using following extensions:
  • Always use an offline and open source password manager. E.g. KeePass. never trust other online or closed source ones.
  • Use multiple emails in signups to prevent tracking and profiling using accounts.
  • Use different sessions for different ecosystems with one of following methods:
    • Use Firefox Multi-Account Containers to separate general browsing from google sites and other social media sites.
    • Use two different browsers for daily use and social media use(Google, FB, Twitter, …)


  • Use a secure Firewall.
  • Preferably always use HTTPS.
  • No public or premium proxy or VPN is truly secure. Almost all of them, including premium VPNs log and sell data.
  • VPNs don’t make users anonymous. Only Tor can to some degree do that.
  • Tor is not fully secure unless you are using “Tor over a VPN” and VPN is secure and hosted on a server which was anonymously bought using cryptocurrency.

Software Security

  • Use open source software whenever a secure alternative exists.
  • Only use software directly downloaded from publisher’s site, or for android use F-Droid.
  • Run all suspicious software in VM.

More information at: